Under contract to NASA, NanoLab developed a number of coating processes for the production of very high absorbance optical blacks for stray light suppression. NanoLab offers three product lines to meet the needs of optical engineers and artists:
NanoLab offers both coating services and the paint itself for those interested in applying the coating in their own facilities.
For coating of customer parts, see our
Singularity Technical Data Sheet TDS
SingularityTM Black, What is it?
Singularity is a nanotube filled, solvent based paint that has exceptionally strong absorption in the visible, and is similar in performance to the vertically aligned arrays of nanotubes that are the blackest items known to mankind. Singularity has world class performance in the visible, NIR and IR (~1% reflectance from 350nm to 2 microns) exceeding the optical properties of other commercially available products like Acktar's metal velvet and Martin Black. Singularity's grazing angle performance is unmatched. Formulations are available for use as beam dump coatings,black body sources, etc.
For the trained artist community, the Singularity line offers an intense matte black, a void-like experience.
SingularityTM Black, How is it applied?
The paint is solvent based, and requires application in a spray booth or fume hood, or with protective solvent vapor/particulate masks suited to the task. Brushing or air brush spraying are the recommended application techniques, but parts can also be dipped. Substrates and spray guns should be resistant to chemical attack from solvents such as MEK and THF. We find that a Badger 150 airbrush is well suited for small scale coating jobs. Coverage at ~10ml/in2 results in a thick coating that performs well in the IR and visible. Thinner coats may perform well in the visible. After spray application, a heating step is required to activate the coating. Once activated, it is a 'no-touch' surface. We offer a toughened version on request that can be gently handled.
The heating step for original Singularity Black includes a ramp up to 300oC in air or in vacuum or inert gas, to decompose the low residue, environmentally friendly binder, which converts to CO2 and H2O. While fragile, singularity coatings can be field repaired with a brush and a heat gun.
In addition to these offerings, we have created applique' versions that let you 'wallpaper' the coating onto parts with low melting points that could not withstand our part coating process. We also offer a 'repair kit' for scratched optical components to restore black coatings to ~1% reflectance in the visible.
SingularityTM Black, Low Temperature
As of December, 2017, NanoLab released a lower temperature (SBI-LT) activating formulation that can be applied to sensitive substrates, such as polymers, canvas cloth, wood & paper. This formulation has all the same optical properties of original Singularity, but requires only about 120oC (300oF) to activate. In lab, we have activated the coating with a commercial hair dryer or heat gun/paint stripper. Air brush spraying is the recommended application technique for this paint.
SingularityTM Black, Coating Services
NanoLab provides coating services for baffles, telescope components, and other optical parts, or artists works. All work is done domestically, by US citizens in an ITAR compliant facility. For coating of customer parts, see our
Or call us to discuss custom work (781) 609 2722 or email us at email@example.com .
SingularityTM Black, What are its properties?
We have collected UV-VIS-NIR diffuse & spectral reflectance values BRDF data for this coating.We have a full compliment of scratch & adhesion test data, along with vibration tests and outgassing rates. SingularityTM Black has been tested for various flight qualifications:
✔ Cleanliness level of <200 per Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (IEST) STD-CC1246E.
✔ Pass thermal cycling tests between -60 oC and 85 oC at a ramp rate of 10 - 20 oC/minute, per Ball Aerospace
✔ Vibration - tested to General Environmental Verification Specification (GEVS) and BPL profile
SingularityTM Black Learning Opportunities
We offer opportunities where students will work with making the deepest blacks possible using Singularity Black.
SingularityTM Black Basic Intro Class: This class is for the novice – we will review the origins of Singularity, it’s current technology, and basic application techniques, safety procedures and tips and tricks
This course will be offered at our headquarters in Waltham, MA – 4 times a year. Dates for the remainder of 2019 will be:
July 11, 2019
October 16, 2019
Singularity Basic Class has a minimum of 2 people - sign up with a friend or colleague! Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for questions and enrollment.
SingularityTM Black Master Class : This Master class is intended for the expert or professional in their given field. The class has been previously taught to worldwide artists and inventors looking to add Singularity Black techniques to their pieces and repertoire.
We will review your project goals and teach you tips and tricks that are tailored to your specific piece, substrates, and interests.
You will have access in your session to our Material Scientists, Chemists, and Artist in Residence to collaborate and brainstorm with.
This class is one on one and can be scheduled based on customer’s availability and lab availability. Please contact Singularity Learning Opportunities to discuss further.
We sell Singularity Black Ink in 3 sizes: 250ml, 500ml and 1000ml:
SingularityTM Black LT (low temperature) line:
All Singularity Black products are shipped GROUND domestically and EXPRESS internationally where hazmat shipments are allowed - please note all applicable shipping costs including all hazmat surcharges will be added to your product cost.
PLEASE NOTE : due the flammability regulations there are no returns of Singularity Black and Singularity Black LT.
Please discuss with NanoLab if there is a concern about shipping.
Call (781) 609 2722 or email us at email@example.com to get a custom quote or to have us process your parts in our state of the art, cleanroom facility.
For the artist community that has been exploring ways to use the Singularity paint, we have additional offerings:
NanoLab thanks NASA for its support of the development of super-black coatings under a Phase I and Phase II Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant titled “Nanostructured Super-Black Optical Materials” (S2.02-8177).
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